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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie
UMR 7590 - Sorbonne Université/CNRS/MNHN/IRD

E-séminaire - Phite Club: The Unusual Microbiology and Potential Application of Microbial Phosphite Oxidation - John Coates

March 23rd, 4 PM CET in visioconference

Prof.  John Coates, University of California, Berkeley

 

Abstract

Capture and conversion of solar energy via phototrophy into fermentable sugars producing alcohols and alkanes is a primary focus of sustainable fuel advocates. However, many inefficiencies associated with a multitude of process steps make this economically marginal in most locations. These, combined with concerns of large-scale monoculture farming, food versus fuel debates, freshwater limitations, and poor productivity have limited global biofuel implementation. Recently the potential for hybrid solar capture and conversion platforms based on photovoltaics with transformation via a combination of electro- and biochemical processes was recognized. A basic example is water hydrolysis using photovoltaic energy-yielding H2 for consumption by chemoautotrophs producing biofuels. These systems offer significant advantages and can sustainably produce diverse chemicals and fuels. However, H2 chemoautotrophy is not ideal for infinitely scalable processes. Our research focuses on coupling alternative chemoautotrophic processes to photovoltaics for energy storage and interconversion. We study inorganic chemicals that redox cycle electrochemically and are utilized as microbial energy and reducing equivalent sources. These studies lead to a mechanistic understanding of novel microbial electron transport systems and their application. As part of this, we recently identified a novel chemolithotrophic mechanism of dissimilatory phosphite oxidation (DPO) coupled to CO2 autotrophy via a new natural carbon fixation pathway. Our studies reveal that DPO is far more prevalent than previously assumed and highlight the likelihood that reduced phosphorous compounds are important constituents of phosphorous geochemistry. Metagenomic sequencing of phosphite enriched microbial communities enabled the genome reconstruction and metabolic characterization of 21 novel DPO microorganisms (DPOM) spanning six taxonomic classes of bacteria. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the DPO genes form a highly conserved cluster that likely has ancient origins predating the split of monoderm and diderm bacteria. These studies represent an exciting new direction for microbiology, microbial ecology, and evolution. They also hint at a novel strategy for energy transformation and sustainable commodity chemical production at a time of global bioavailable phosphorous limitation, and the increasing necessity for novel CO2 sinks.

Cécile Duflot - 24/03/21

Traductions :

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    Contact

    A. Marco Saitta

    Directeur de l'institut

    marco.saitta(at)sorbonne-universite.fr

     

    Bruno Moal

    Secrétaire général

    33 +1 44 27 52 17

    bruno.moal(at)sorbonne-universite.fr

     

    Jérôme Normand

    Gestion du personnel

    Réservation des salles

    jerome.normand(at)upmc.fr

     

    Antonella Intili

    Accueil et logistique

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    antonella.intili(at)upmc.fr

     

    Ouafa Faouzi

    Gestion financière

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    Cécile Duflot

    Communication

    cecile.duflot(at)upmc.fr

    33 +1 44 27 46 86

     

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    Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie - UMR 7590

    Sorbonne Université - 4, place Jussieu - BC 115 - 75252 Paris Cedex 5

     

    Adresse physique

    Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie - UMR 7590 - Sorbonne Université - 4, place Jussieu - Tour 23 - Barre 22-23, 4e étage - 75252 Paris Cedex 5

     

    Adresse de livraison

    Accès : 7 quai Saint Bernard - 75005 Paris, Tour 22.

    Contact : Antonella Intili : Barre 22-23, 4e étage, pièce 420, 33 +1 44 27 25 61

     

     

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    L'IMPMC en chiffres

    L'IMPMC compte environ 195 personnes dont :

     

    • 40 chercheurs CNRS
    • 46 enseignants-chercheurs
    • 19 ITA CNRS
    • 15 ITA non CNRS
    • 50 doctorants
    • 13 post-doctorants
    • 12 bénévoles

     

     Chiffres : janvier 2016