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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie

Violaine Sautter

Scientific Expertise



Deep Earth- Martian surface

Experimental Petrology

Solid state diffusion


Kinetics & geospeedometry

Contact Details


Office : Site Buffon, Bat. 52, 1st Floor, Room 130

Mail : violaine.sautter(at)mnhn.fr

Analytical Skills

  - Microscopy

  - Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

  - Field Work.

Professional Resume

  - Since 2000: CNRS Senior Scientist (Director of Research)

  - 1997-2000 CNRS Junior Scientist at LMCM-MNHN

  - 1995-1997 Sabatical at Geology laboratory University of Lisbonne Portugal

  - 1985-1995 CNRS Junior Scientist at Laboratoire Physique des Solides University Paris XI

  - 1984-1985 Postdoctoral fellow, Grant Institute of Geology, Edinburgh, UK.

  - 1983-1984 Lecturer at MNHN

Educational Background

  - 1989 Thèse d’Etat University Paris XI

  - 1893 PhD in Earth Science MNHN_Paris VI

Awards and Disctinctions

  - 2016 Médaille d’Argent du CNRS

  - 2014 Group Achievement Award to MSL ChemCam Instrument

  - 2002 Prix Furon de la Société Géologique de France

  - 1991 Médaille de Bronze du CNRS

SELECTED Publications

  - Sautter V. and Harte B. 1988, Diffusion gradients in an eclogite xenolith from the Roberts Victor kimberlite pipe. I : Mechanism and evolution of garnet exsolution in Al2O3 -rich clinopyroxene. J. Petrol., 29, p. 1325-1352.

  - Sautter V., Jaoul O. et Abel F. 1988, Aluminium diffusion in diopside using the 27Al (p, γ)28Si nuclear reaction : preliminary results. Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 89, p. 109-114.

  - Sautter V. and Harte B. 1990, Diffusion gradients in an eclogite xenolith from the Roberts Victor kimberlite pipe. (2) :  Kinetics and implications for petrogenesis. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 105,  p. 637-649.

  - Haggerty S.E. and Sautter V. 1990, Ultradeep (greater than 300 km) ultramafic upper mantle xenoliths. Science, 248, p. 993-996.

  - Sautter V., Haggerty S.E. and Field S. 1991, Ultradeep (> 300km) ultramafic xenoliths :petrological evidence from the transition zone. Science, 252, p. 827-830.

  - Sautter V, Barat J.A., Jambon A. , Gillet P. , Lorand J.P., Javoy M. and Joron J.L. 2002, A new martian meteorite from Morocoo, the nakhlite NWA 817. E.P.S.L., 195, 223-238.

  - Sautter V, Jambon A. and Boudouma O, 2006, Cl-amphibole in the nakhlite MIL 03346: Evidence for sediment contamination in a martian meteorite, E.P.S.L. 252, 45-55.

  - Sautter V., Toplis M., Lorand J.P. and Macri M., 2012, Melt inclusions in augite from the nakhlite meteorites: a reassessment of nakhlite parental melt and implications for petrogenesis. Meteoritics and Planet.Sci. doi: 10.1111/j.1945-5100.2012.01332.x

  - Sautter V., Fabre C., O. Forni , M. Toplis, A. Cousin, E. Lewin, J. Lasue, O. Gasnault, S. Le Mouélic, N. Mangold, S. Maurice, R. Wiens, A. M. Ollila, P. Pinet, P.Y. Meslin, B. Clark, B.L. Elhmann, and MSL team.Igneous mineralogy at Bradbury rise: the first ChemCam campaign. 2014, JGR Planet. 119, 30-46.

  - Sautter V. M.J. Toplis, R.C. Wiens, A. Cousin, C. Fabre, O. Gasnault, S. Maurice, O. Forni, J. Lasue, A. Ollila, J.C. Bridges, N. Mangold, S. Le Mouélic, M. Fisk, P.-Y. Meslin, P. Beck, P. Pinet, L. Le Deit, W. Rapin, M. Stolper, H. Newson, D. Dyar, N. Lanza3 D. Vaniman,  S. Clegg and  J.J. Wray 2015 In-situ evidence for continental crust on Early Mars. Nature Geosciencedoi:10.1038/ngeo2474.

  - Sautter V., M.J. Toplis, P. Beck, N. Mangold, R. Wiens, P. Pinet, A. Cousin, S. Maurice, L. LeDEIT, R. Hewins, O. Gasnault, C. Quantin,  O.Forni, H. Newsom, P-Y Meslin, J. Wray, N. Bridges, V. Payré, W. Rapin, and S. Le Mouélic 2016, Magmatic complexity on Early Mars as seen through a combination of orbital, in-situ and meteorite data. Lithos, 254-255, 26-52.

  - Cousin A., V. Sautter, V. Payré, O. Forni, N. Ma,gold, O. Gasnault, L. Le Deit, J. Johnson, S. Maurice, M. Salvatore, R.C. Wiens, P. Gasda, W. Rapin 2017 Classification of Igneous Rocks analysed by ChemCam at Gale crater, Mars. Icarus, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2017.01.014.



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