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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie
UMR 7590 - Sorbonne Université/CNRS/MNHN/IRD

Séminaire - Exploring the interior of Mars: first results from the InSight mission and laboratory experiments to complement planetary observations - Daniele Antonangeli

Lundi 23 novembre 2020 à 10 h 30 en visioconférence.


Daniele Antonangeli - Equipe MP3 IMPMC


Knowledge of the inner structures of telluric planets is critically important to understand their formation, differentiation, present state, and evolution. The comprehension of differences and similarities in planetary internal constitution will also provide insights on the origin and evolution of our solar system.

Space missions and Earth-based observations have provided very precious information on orbital parameters, gravity and magnetic fields, on planetary atmospheres and surfaces. Comparatively, the interiors are largely unknown. So far only geodesy data have provided constraints on the deep interiors.

Noteworthy, we are currently witnessing a significant step ahead thanks to the InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) NASA Discovery Program mission. InSight is a Mars lander dedicated to the study of the interior of the planet. The spacecraft successfully landed in Elysium Planitia on November 26th 2018. Since early winter 2019 the entire scientific payload has been deployed and operations are ongoing. Following the successful Apollo program, InSight is the first extra-terrestrial mission probing the interior of a telluric planet other than Earth. Hence, this offers a unique opportunity to improve our knowledge not only of Mars, but also of telluric planets in general.

In this presentation I will give an overview of the mission status along with a summary of selected scientific results from the first 18 months of operations. Then I will focus on the complementary laboratory activity, presenting high-pressure, high-temperature experiments whose results provide the critical mineral physics and geochemical constraints required for the interpretation of the InSight data, and the needed link between geophysical observations and planetary models.

Cécile Duflot - 20/11/20

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    Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie - UMR 7590

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    Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie - UMR 7590 - Sorbonne Université - 4, place Jussieu - Tour 23 - Barre 22-23, 4e étage - 75252 Paris Cedex 5


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